BizTalk Adapter for Amazon Athena

Build 21.0.7929

SELECT Statements

A SELECT statement can consist of the following basic clauses.

  • SELECT
  • INTO
  • FROM
  • JOIN
  • WHERE
  • GROUP BY
  • HAVING
  • UNION
  • ORDER BY
  • LIMIT

SELECT Syntax

The following syntax diagram outlines the syntax supported by the SQL engine of the adapter:

SELECT {
  [ TOP <numeric_literal> | DISTINCT ]
  { 
    * 
    | { 
        <expression> [ [ AS ] <column_reference> ] 
        | { <table_name> | <correlation_name> } .* 
      } [ , ... ] 
  }
  [ INTO csv:// [ filename= ] <file_path> [ ;delimiter=tab ] ]
  { 
    FROM <table_reference> [ [ AS ] <identifier> ] 
  } [ , ... ]
  [ [  
      INNER | { { LEFT | RIGHT | FULL } [ OUTER ] } 
    ] JOIN <table_reference> [ ON <search_condition> ] [ [ AS ] <identifier> ] 
  ] [ ... ] 
  [ WHERE <search_condition> ]
  [ GROUP BY <column_reference> [ , ... ]
  [ HAVING <search_condition> ]
  [ UNION [ ALL ] <select_statement> ]
  [ 
    ORDER BY 
    <column_reference> [ ASC | DESC ] [ NULLS FIRST | NULLS LAST ]
  ]
  [ 
    LIMIT <expression>
    [ 
      { OFFSET | , }
      <expression> 
    ]
  ] 
}

<expression> ::=
  | <column_reference>
  | @ <parameter> 
  | ?
  | COUNT( * | { [ DISTINCT ] <expression> } )
  | { AVG | MAX | MIN | SUM | COUNT } ( <expression> ) 
  | NULLIF ( <expression> , <expression> ) 
  | COALESCE ( <expression> , ... ) 
  | CASE <expression>
      WHEN { <expression> | <search_condition> } THEN { <expression> | NULL } [ ... ]
    [ ELSE { <expression> | NULL } ]
    END 
  | <literal>
  | <sql_function> 

<search_condition> ::= 
  {
    <expression> { = | > | < | >= | <= | <> | != | LIKE | NOT LIKE | IN | NOT IN | IS NULL | IS NOT NULL | AND | OR | CONTAINS | BETWEEN } [ <expression> ]
  } [ { AND | OR } ... ] 

Examples

  1. Return all columns:
    SELECT * FROM Customers
  2. Rename a column:
    SELECT [TotalDue] AS MY_TotalDue FROM Customers
  3. Cast a column's data as a different data type:
    SELECT CAST(AnnualRevenue AS VARCHAR) AS Str_AnnualRevenue FROM Customers
  4. Search data:
    SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerId = '12345';
  5. The Amazon Athena APIs support the following operators in the WHERE clause: =, >, <, >=, <=, <>, !=, LIKE, NOT LIKE, IN, NOT IN, IS NULL, IS NOT NULL, ANY, ALL, EXISTS, NOT EXISTS, CONTAINS, NOT CONTAINS, BETWEEN, AND, OR.
    SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerId = '12345';
  6. Return the number of items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT COUNT(*) AS MyCount FROM Customers 
  7. Return the number of unique items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT TotalDue) FROM Customers 
  8. Return the unique items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT DISTINCT TotalDue FROM Customers 
  9. Summarize data:
    SELECT TotalDue, MAX(AnnualRevenue) FROM Customers  GROUP BY TotalDue
    See Aggregate Functions for details.
  10. Retrieve data from multiple tables.
    SELECT Orders.OrderDate, Customers.ContactName FROM Customers INNER JOIN Orders ON Customers.CustomerID=Orders.CustomerID
    See JOIN Queries for details.
  11. Sort a result set in ascending order:
    SELECT Name, TotalDue FROM Customers  ORDER BY TotalDue ASC
  12. Restrict a result set to the specified number of rows:
    SELECT Name, TotalDue FROM Customers LIMIT 10 
  13. Parameterize a query to pass in inputs at execution time. This enables you to create prepared statements and mitigate SQL injection attacks.
    SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerId = @param
See Explicitly Caching Data for information on using the SELECT statement in offline mode.

Pseudo Columns

Some input-only fields are available in SELECT statements. These fields, called pseudo columns, do not appear as regular columns in the results, yet may be specified as part of the WHERE clause. You can use pseudo columns to access additional features from Amazon Athena.

    SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE PSEUDO = '@PSEUDO'
    

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Build 21.0.7929