ODBC Driver for EpicorERP

Build 20.0.7587

SELECT Statements

A SELECT statement can consist of the following basic clauses.

  • SELECT
  • INTO
  • FROM
  • JOIN
  • WHERE
  • GROUP BY
  • HAVING
  • UNION
  • ORDER BY
  • LIMIT

SELECT Syntax

The following syntax diagram outlines the syntax supported by the SQL engine of the driver:

SELECT {
  [ TOP <numeric_literal> | DISTINCT ]
  { 
    * 
    | { 
        <expression> [ [ AS ] <column_reference> ] 
        | { <table_name> | <correlation_name> } .* 
      } [ , ... ] 
  }
  [ INTO csv:// [ filename= ] <file_path> [ ;delimiter=tab ] ]
  { 
    FROM <table_reference> [ [ AS ] <identifier> ] 
  } [ , ... ]
  [ [  
      INNER | { { LEFT | RIGHT | FULL } [ OUTER ] } 
    ] JOIN <table_reference> [ ON <search_condition> ] [ [ AS ] <identifier> ] 
  ] [ ... ] 
  [ WHERE <search_condition> ]
  [ GROUP BY <column_reference> [ , ... ]
  [ HAVING <search_condition> ]
  [ UNION [ ALL ] <select_statement> ]
  [ 
    ORDER BY 
    <column_reference> [ ASC | DESC ] [ NULLS FIRST | NULLS LAST ]
  ]
  [ 
    LIMIT <expression>
    [ 
      { OFFSET | , }
      <expression> 
    ]
  ] 
} | SCOPE_IDENTITY() 

<expression> ::=
  | <column_reference>
  | @ <parameter> 
  | ?
  | COUNT( * | { [ DISTINCT ] <expression> } )
  | { AVG | MAX | MIN | SUM | COUNT } ( <expression> ) 
  | NULLIF ( <expression> , <expression> ) 
  | COALESCE ( <expression> , ... ) 
  | CASE <expression>
      WHEN { <expression> | <search_condition> } THEN { <expression> | NULL } [ ... ]
    [ ELSE { <expression> | NULL } ]
    END 
  | <literal>
  | <sql_function> 

<search_condition> ::= 
  {
    <expression> { = | > | < | >= | <= | <> | != | LIKE | NOT_LIKE | IN | NOT_IN | IS_NULL | IS_NOT_NULL | AND | OR | CONTAINS | BETWEEN } [ <expression> ]
  } [ { AND | OR } ... ] 

Examples

  1. Return all columns:
    SELECT * FROM Customers
  2. Rename a column:
    SELECT [Company] AS MY_Company FROM Customers
  3. Cast a column's data as a different data type:
    SELECT CAST(AnnualRevenue AS VARCHAR) AS Str_AnnualRevenue FROM Customers
  4. Search data:
    SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CompanyName <> 'CompanyName';
  5. Return the number of items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT COUNT(*) AS MyCount FROM Customers 
  6. Return the number of unique items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT Company) FROM Customers 
  7. Return the unique items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT DISTINCT Company FROM Customers 
  8. Summarize data:
    SELECT Company, MAX(AnnualRevenue) FROM Customers GROUP BY Company
    See Aggregate Functions for details.
  9. Retrieve data from multiple tables.
    SELECT Customers.CustNum, CustBillTo.BTCustNum FROM Customers, CustBillTo WHERE Customers.CustNum=CustBillTo.CustNum
    See JOIN Queries for details.
  10. Sort a result set in ascending order:
    SELECT CustNum, Company FROM Customers  ORDER BY Company ASC
  11. Restrict a result set to the specified number of rows:
    SELECT CustNum, Company FROM Customers LIMIT 10 
  12. Parameterize a query to pass in inputs at execution time. This enables you to create prepared statements and mitigate SQL injection attacks.
    SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CompanyName = @param
See Explicitly Caching Data for information on using the SELECT statement in offline mode.

Pseudo Columns

Some input-only fields are available in SELECT statements. These fields, called pseudo columns, do not appear as regular columns in the results, yet may be specified as part of the WHERE clause. You can use pseudo columns to access additional features from EpicorERP.

    SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE Filter = 'CustNum gt 20'
    

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Build 20.0.7587