JDBC Driver for Google Sheets

Build 20.0.7587

SELECT Statements

A SELECT statement can consist of the following basic clauses.

  • SELECT
  • INTO
  • FROM
  • JOIN
  • WHERE
  • GROUP BY
  • HAVING
  • UNION
  • ORDER BY
  • LIMIT

SELECT Syntax

The following syntax diagram outlines the syntax supported by the SQL engine of the driver:

SELECT {
  [ TOP <numeric_literal> | DISTINCT ]
  { 
    * 
    | { 
        <expression> [ [ AS ] <column_reference> ] 
        | { <table_name> | <correlation_name> } .* 
      } [ , ... ] 
  }
  [ INTO csv:// [ filename= ] <file_path> [ ;delimiter=tab ] ]
  { 
    FROM <table_reference> [ [ AS ] <identifier> ] 
  } [ , ... ]
  [ [  
      INNER | { { LEFT | RIGHT | FULL } [ OUTER ] } 
    ] JOIN <table_reference> [ ON <search_condition> ] [ [ AS ] <identifier> ] 
  ] [ ... ] 
  [ WHERE <search_condition> ]
  [ GROUP BY <column_reference> [ , ... ]
  [ HAVING <search_condition> ]
  [ UNION [ ALL ] <select_statement> ]
  [ 
    ORDER BY 
    <column_reference> [ ASC | DESC ] [ NULLS FIRST | NULLS LAST ]
  ]
  [ 
    LIMIT <expression>
    [ 
      { OFFSET | , }
      <expression> 
    ]
  ] 
} | SCOPE_IDENTITY() 

<expression> ::=
  | <column_reference>
  | @ <parameter> 
  | ?
  | COUNT( * | { [ DISTINCT ] <expression> } )
  | { AVG | MAX | MIN | SUM | COUNT } ( <expression> ) 
  | NULLIF ( <expression> , <expression> ) 
  | COALESCE ( <expression> , ... ) 
  | CASE <expression>
      WHEN { <expression> | <search_condition> } THEN { <expression> | NULL } [ ... ]
    [ ELSE { <expression> | NULL } ]
    END 
  | <literal>
  | <sql_function> 

<search_condition> ::= 
  {
    <expression> { = | > | < | >= | <= | <> | != | LIKE | NOT_LIKE | IN | NOT_IN | IS_NULL | IS_NOT_NULL | AND | OR | CONTAINS | BETWEEN } [ <expression> ]
  } [ { AND | OR } ... ] 

Examples

  1. Return all columns:
    SELECT * FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1
  2. Rename a column:
    SELECT [Column1] AS MY_Column1 FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1
  3. Cast a column's data as a different data type:
    SELECT CAST(AnnualRevenue AS VARCHAR) AS Str_AnnualRevenue FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1
  4. Search data:
    SELECT * FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1 WHERE Column2 = 'Bob';
  5. Return the number of items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT COUNT(*) AS MyCount FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1 
  6. Return the number of unique items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT Column1) FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1 
  7. Return the unique items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT DISTINCT Column1 FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1 
  8. Summarize data:
    SELECT Column1, MAX(AnnualRevenue) FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1 GROUP BY Column1
    See Aggregate Functions for details.
  9. Retrieve data from multiple tables.
    SELECT c.Name, o.ItemCount, o.TotalCost, o.Date FROM Spreadsheet1_Customers c INNER JOIN Spreadsheet1_Orders o ON c.Id = o.CustomerId
    See JOIN Queries for details.
  10. Sort a result set in ascending order:
    SELECT Id, Column1 FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1  ORDER BY Column1 ASC
  11. Restrict a result set to the specified number of rows:
    SELECT Id, Column1 FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1 LIMIT 10 
  12. Parameterize a query to pass in inputs at execution time. This enables you to create prepared statements and mitigate SQL injection attacks.
    SELECT * FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1 WHERE Column2 = @param
See Explicitly Caching Data for information on using the SELECT statement in offline mode.

Pseudo Columns

Some input-only fields are available in SELECT statements. These fields, called pseudo columns, do not appear as regular columns in the results, yet may be specified as part of the WHERE clause. You can use pseudo columns to access additional features from Google Spreadsheets.

    SELECT * FROM Spreadsheet1_Sheet1 WHERE Query = 'Column3 > 100'
    

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Build 20.0.7587