ODBC Driver for Azure Data Management

Build 20.0.7587

Linux DSN Configuration

This section describes how to set up ODBC connectivity and configure DSNs on several Linux distributions: Debian-based systems, like Ubuntu, and Red Hat Linux platforms, like Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), CentOS, and Fedora.

Minimum Linux Versions

Here are the minimum supported versions for Red Hat-based and Debian-based systems:

OSMin. Version
Ubuntu11.04
Debian7
RHEL6.9
CentOS6.9
Fedora13
SUSE12.1

Installing the Driver Dependencies

Run the following commands as root or with sudo to install the necessary dependencies:

  • Debian/Ubuntu:
    apt-get install libc6 libstdc++6 zlib1g libgcc1
  • RHEL/CentOS/Fedora:
    yum install glibc libstdc++ zlib libgcc

Here are the corresponding libraries required by the driver:

Debian/Ubuntu PackageRHEL/CentOS/Fedora PackageFile
libc6glibclinux-vdso.1
libc6glibclibm.so.6
libc6glibclibrt.so.1
libc6glibclibdl.so.2
libc6glibclibpthread.so.0
libc6glibclibc.so.6
libc6glibcld-linux-x86-64.so.2
libstdc++6libstdc++libstdc++.so.6
zlib1gzliblibz.so.1
libgcc1libgcclibgcc_s.so.1

Installing the Driver

You can use standard package management systems to install the driver.

On Debian-based systems, like Ubuntu, run the following command with root or sudo:

dpkg -i /path/to/driver/setup/AzureDataManagementODBCDriverforUnix.deb 

On systems that support the RPM package format, run the following command with root or sudo:

rpm -ivh /path/to/driver/AzureDataManagementODBCDriverforUnix.rpm 

Licensing the Driver

Run the following commands to license the driver. To activate a trial, omit the <key> input.

cd /opt/cdata/cdata-odbc-driver-for-azuredatamanagement/bin/
sudo ./install-license.x64 <key>

Connecting through the Driver Manager

The driver manager loads the driver and passes function calls from the application to the driver. You need to register the driver with the driver manager and you define DSNs in the driver manager's configuration files.

The driver installation registers the driver with the unixODBC driver manager and creates a system DSN. The unixODBC driver manager can be used from Python and from many other applications. Your application may embed another driver manager.

Creating the DSN

See Using unixODBC to install unixODBC and configure DSNs. See Using the DataDirect Driver Manager to create a DSN to connect to OBIEE, Informatica, and SAS.

Authenticating to Azure Data Management

You can connect without setting any connection properties for your user credentials. Set the following properties:

  • SubscriptionId (optional): A subscription Id is required for Azure API Management endpoints, so if you do not specify one, the driver gets the first subscription Id available in your account.
  • Tenant (optional): Your tenant can be specified if you wish to authenticate to a different tenant than your default. This is required to work with a Subscription not on your default Tenant.

When you connect, the driver opens the Azure Data Management OAuth endpoint in your default browser. Log in and grant permissions to the driver. The driver then completes the OAuth process.

See Using OAuth Authentication for other OAuth authentication flows.

Connect using MSI Authentication

If you are running Azure Data Management on an Azure VM, you can leverage Managed Service Identity (MSI) credentials to connect:

  • AuthScheme: Set this to AzureMSI.

The MSI credentials will then be automatically obtained for authentication.

Refreshing OAuth Values

The driver can refresh the temporary OAuth access tokens obtained during the browser-based OAuth authentication exchange. By default, the driver saves the encrypted tokens in the odbc.ini file corresponding to the DSN. Access to this odbc.ini file can be restricted in the case of System DSNs.

To enable the automatic token exchange, you can give the driver write access to the system odbc.ini. Or, you can set the OAuthSettingsLocation connection property to an alternate file path, to which the driver would have read and write access.

    OAuthSettingsLocation=/tmp/oauthsettings.txt
    

Installing Dependencies for OAuth Authentication

The OAuth authentication standard requires the authenticating user to interact with Azure Data Management, using a web-browser. If the first OAuth interaction is to be done on the same machine the driver is installed on, for example, a desktop application, the driver needs access to the xdg-open program, which opens the default browser.

To satisfy this dependency, install the corresponding package with your package manager:

Debian/Ubuntu PackageRHEL/CentOS/Fedora PackageFile
xdg-utilsxdg-utilsxdg-open

Set the Driver Encoding

The ODBC drivers need to specify which encoding to use with the ODBC Driver Manager. By default, the CData ODBC Drivers for Unix are configured to use UTF-16 which is compatible with unixODBC, but other Driver Managers may require alternative encoding.

Alternatively, if you are using the ODBC driver from an application that uses the ANSI ODBC API it may be necessary to set the ANSI code page. For example, to import Japanese characters in an ANSI application, you can specify the code page in the config file '/opt/cdata/cdata-odbc-driver-for-azuredatamanagement/lib/cdata.odbc.azuredatamanagement.ini':

[Driver]
AnsiCodePage = 932

Copyright (c) 2020 CData Software, Inc. - All rights reserved.
Build 20.0.7587