JDBC Driver for REST

Build 20.0.7654

SELECT Statements

A SELECT statement can consist of the following basic clauses.

  • SELECT
  • INTO
  • FROM
  • JOIN
  • WHERE
  • GROUP BY
  • HAVING
  • UNION
  • ORDER BY
  • LIMIT

SELECT Syntax

The following syntax diagram outlines the syntax supported by the SQL engine of the driver:

SELECT {
  [ TOP <numeric_literal> | DISTINCT ]
  { 
    * 
    | { 
        <expression> [ [ AS ] <column_reference> ] 
        | { <table_name> | <correlation_name> } .* 
      } [ , ... ] 
  }
  [ INTO csv:// [ filename= ] <file_path> [ ;delimiter=tab ] ]
  { 
    FROM <table_reference> [ [ AS ] <identifier> ] 
  } [ , ... ]
  [ [  
      INNER | { { LEFT | RIGHT | FULL } [ OUTER ] } 
    ] JOIN <table_reference> [ ON <search_condition> ] [ [ AS ] <identifier> ] 
  ] [ ... ] 
  [ WHERE <search_condition> ]
  [ GROUP BY <column_reference> [ , ... ]
  [ HAVING <search_condition> ]
  [ UNION [ ALL ] <select_statement> ]
  [ 
    ORDER BY 
    <column_reference> [ ASC | DESC ] [ NULLS FIRST | NULLS LAST ]
  ]
  [ 
    LIMIT <expression>
    [ 
      { OFFSET | , }
      <expression> 
    ]
  ] 
} | SCOPE_IDENTITY() 

<expression> ::=
  | <column_reference>
  | @ <parameter> 
  | ?
  | COUNT( * | { [ DISTINCT ] <expression> } )
  | { AVG | MAX | MIN | SUM | COUNT } ( <expression> ) 
  | NULLIF ( <expression> , <expression> ) 
  | COALESCE ( <expression> , ... ) 
  | CASE <expression>
      WHEN { <expression> | <search_condition> } THEN { <expression> | NULL } [ ... ]
    [ ELSE { <expression> | NULL } ]
    END 
  | <literal>
  | <sql_function> 

<search_condition> ::= 
  {
    <expression> { = | > | < | >= | <= | <> | != | LIKE | NOT_LIKE | IN | NOT_IN | IS_NULL | IS_NOT_NULL | AND | OR | CONTAINS | BETWEEN } [ <expression> ]
  } [ { AND | OR } ... ] 

Examples

  1. Return all columns:
    SELECT * FROM NorthwindOData
  2. Rename a column:
    SELECT [personal.name.last] AS MY_personal.name.last FROM NorthwindOData
  3. Cast a column's data as a different data type:
    SELECT CAST(AnnualRevenue AS VARCHAR) AS Str_AnnualRevenue FROM NorthwindOData
  4. Search data:
    SELECT * FROM NorthwindOData WHERE personal.name.last = 'ana.trujilo@northwind.org';
  5. Return the number of items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT COUNT(*) AS MyCount FROM NorthwindOData 
  6. Return the number of unique items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT personal.name.last) FROM NorthwindOData 
  7. Return the unique items matching the query criteria:
    SELECT DISTINCT personal.name.last FROM NorthwindOData 
  8. Summarize data:
    SELECT personal.name.last, MAX(AnnualRevenue) FROM NorthwindOData GROUP BY personal.name.last
    See Aggregate Functions for details.
  9. Retrieve data from multiple tables.
    SELECT 
      [people].[personal.age] AS age, 
      [people].[personal.gender] AS gender, 
      [people].[personal.name.first] AS first_name, 
      [people].[personal.name.last] AS last_name, 
      [vehicles].[model], 
    FROM 
      [people], [vehicles] 
    WHERE 
      [people].[_id] = [vehicles].[people_id]
    See JOIN Queries for details.
  10. Sort a result set in ascending order:
    SELECT personal.name.first, personal.name.last FROM NorthwindOData  ORDER BY personal.name.last ASC
  11. Restrict a result set to the specified number of rows:
    SELECT personal.name.first, personal.name.last FROM NorthwindOData LIMIT 10 
  12. Parameterize a query to pass in inputs at execution time. This enables you to create prepared statements and mitigate SQL injection attacks.
    SELECT * FROM NorthwindOData WHERE personal.name.last = @param
See Explicitly Caching Data for information on using the SELECT statement in offline mode.

Pseudo Columns

Some input-only fields are available in SELECT statements. These fields, called pseudo columns, do not appear as regular columns in the results, yet may be specified as part of the WHERE clause. You can use pseudo columns to access additional features from REST.

    SELECT * FROM NorthwindOData WHERE  = '@'
    

Copyright (c) 2020 CData Software, Inc. - All rights reserved.
Build 20.0.7654